About Nuclear Liability and Insurance

The transport of nuclear material is strictly regulated and has an outstanding safety record spanning over six decades. The industry has accumulated a large experience on packaging and transporting radioactive materials. However, this excellent record should not be taken for granted.

Early in the development of nuclear power, the need for developing an international framework for the compensation of potential victims of nuclear incidents in the event of a nuclear accident according at nuclear installations or during transport has led to the adoption of international instruments addressing third party nuclear liability. The result was the Paris and Vienna conventions dating from the 1960s, and the Protocol to amend the Vienna Convention and the Convention on Supplementary Compensation which were adopted after the Chernobyl accident in 1997. Over the years, countries have been joining one or several of these conventions and transposed them into national laws.

All these conventions provide for the same internationally accepted nuclear liability principles. Most countries that have developed nuclear energy programs but have not adhered to any of these conventions have also provided int their national legislation the same principles.

The transport of nuclear material forms an integral part of the nuclear fuel cycle and as such are covered by the nuclear liability conventions and national framework. The basic principles of the nuclear liability regime also apply to transport of radioactive material.


Workshop on the Transport of Nuclear Material: Liability, Insurance and Related Key Contractual Considerations

Jointly hosted by WNA, WNTI and INLA.

11 January 2024
London, UK
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The workshop brought together nuclear transport practitioners with lawyers and insurers expert in this field. Its goal was to promote a better understanding of the liabilities relating to nuclear transport and how these can be managed through sound insurance and contracting.

Overview of the International Nuclear Liability Conventions as Applicable to Transport of Nuclear Materials

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Nuclear Liability in Transport

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Insurance Issues in Transport

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Insurance for the Transport of Nuclear Material Insured Perspective

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Insurance for the Transport of Nuclear Material

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Contractual Considerations for Nuclear Transports

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Useful Links

Nuclear liability conventions and Transport

NEA Compilation of relevant provisions and explanatory texts relation to transport of nuclear material

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NEA Country Sheets

They provide country-specific information on the nuclear third-party liability regime applicable to transport, including details such as liability amount, financial security limits, requirement regarding certificate of financial security and the competent public authorities.

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OECD/NEA 1960 Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy (Paris Convention)

NEA webpage that provides for the Paris Convention text, as well as the Decisions, Recommendations and Interpretations applicable to such Convention.

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IAEA 1963 and 1997 Vienna Conventions on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage and 1997 Convention on Supplementary Convention

Flowchart on the qualification process under the 1963 Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (Vienna Convention), the 1997 Protocol to Amend the Vienna Convention (Revised Vienna Convention) and the 1988 Joint Protocol relating to the application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention (Joint Protocol), as well as the Convention on Supplementary Compensation (CSC)

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Nuclear Law Bulletin

The Nuclear Law Bulletin is a unique international publication for both professionals and academics in the field of nuclear law. It provides authoritative and comprehensive information on nuclear law developments. Published twice a year in both English and French

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International Conventions for cross-border damage and legislative harmonization.
International Conventions for cross-border damage and legislative harmonization.