The IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive
Material set the basis for nuclear fuel cycle transport.
The IAEA Regulations are based on the fundamental principle that
radioactive material being transported should be packaged
adequately to provide protection against the various hazards of the
material under both normal and potential accident conditions.
Safety, therefore, relies on the package - on the packaging adapted
to its radioactive contents, whatever the transport mode.
Because safety depends primarily on the package, the Regulations
set out several performance standards in this area. They provide
for five different primary packages, (Excepted, Industrial, Type A,
Type B and Type C) and set the criteria for their design according
to both the activity and the physical form of the radioactive
material they may contain. The IAEA Regulations lay down
corresponding test procedures to demonstrate compliance with the
required performance standards.
"Over several decades of transport, there has never been an
in-transit accident with serious human health, economic or
environmental consequences attributable to the radioactive nature
of the goods."
IAEA International Conference on the Safety of Transport of
Radioactive Material, Vienna, 2003.