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World Nuclear Transport Institute

Fact Sheets

Safety Regulations Governing Radioactive Materials Transport
The safety of radioactive materials shipments is ensured by a stringent regulatory regime that has been continuously reviewed and updated over the past several decades.
Package Types used for Transporting Radioactive Materials
Safety is vested principally in the package which has to provide shielding to protect workers, the public and the environment.
Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transport - Front End Materials
Front end transport covers all the transports of uranium concentrates to uranium hexafluoride conversion facilities, from conversion facilities to enrichment plants, from enrichment plants to fuel fabricators and from fuel fabricators to the various nuclear power plants.
Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transport - Back End Materials
Back end covers all the operations concerned with the spent fuel which leaves the reactors, including the shipment of spent fuel elements from nuclear power plants to reprocessing facilities for recycling, and the subsequent transport of the products of reprocessing.
The INF Code and purpose-built vessels
The IMO Code for the Safe Carriage of Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes in Flasks on Board Ships (INF Code), introduces advanced safety features for ships carrying spent fuel, MOX or vitrified high-level waste.
Quick facts on the transport of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transport
The fuel cycle can be broken down into what is generally known as the front end and back end operations.
The Safe Transport of Uranium Ore Concentrates
Uranium is a naturally occurring element found virtually everywhere throughout the earth’s crust. Processed uranium ore as UOC is shipped in a powder form to fuel conversion facilities in various countries for further processing.
Preparation of Natural Uranium Samples for Shipment in an Excepted Package
Industry agreed best practices to guide Consignors in preparing the shipment of materials containing natural uranium, chemically separated uranium concentrate samples (solids and liquids), and uranium ore samples.
Transport of Large Objects and Special Arrangement
How to transport large objects under the SSR-6 including categorisation and transport under Special Arrangement. The new guidance and good practices are discussed from a practical point of view.
Uranium Hexafluoride (UF6)
An introduction into the preparation, properties, application and transportation of Uranium Hexafloride (UF6)
Nuclear Liability for Transport
This factsheet will review the nuclear liability framework and international regimes applicable to transport, before reviewing the insurance and specificities of third party liability for nuclear transport.
Industry Interpretation of TI and CSI Limits for the transport of UF6 packages by Sea
This factsheet will determine the Transport Index (TI) and the Criticality Safety Index (CSI) limits on vessels, to be used for the consignment of Uranium Hexafluoride UF6 packages in order to comply with the requirements of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code IMDG 2014 edition. This paper considers the transport of UF6 packages comprised of type 48X, 48Y and type 30B cylinders.

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