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Spent Fuel Reprocessing

The spent fuel is separated into un‐burnt uranium (96%), plutonium (1%) and waste (3%) products.The uranium and plutonium is recycled and sent to a conversion plant where they are blended into fresh fuel (mixed oxide fuel or MOX). Spent fuel sent for reprocessing is owned by the country from which it came and after it has been reprocessed, must be returned to the country of origin in some form. The MOX and waste is transported in specially designed transport containers, where the waste is stored for eventual disposal and the MOX to produce more energy in the nuclear reactor.

Related Images

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Return of vitrified waste to Germany, Courtesy of AREVA
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Rail transport of spent fuel, Courtesy of Direct Rail Services Ltd. (DRS)
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Loading at Cherbourg Port, Courtesy of AREVA
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Off‐loading spent fuel cask for radiological inspection, Courtesy of AREVA
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Spent fuel transport cask, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd.
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Cask for fresh MOX fuel, Courtesy of AREVA
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Spent Fuel Casks in Hold, Courtesy of International Nuclear Services
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Unloading Operations, Japan, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd. (NFT)
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Road transport of spent fuel, Japan, Courtesy of Nuclear Fuel Transport Co., Ltd. (NFT)
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Sellafield Site, Courtesy of Sellafield Ltd

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Safety Regulations Governing Radioactive Materials Transport
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Nuclear Fuel Cycle Transport - The IAEA Regulations and their Relevance to Severe Accidents
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Radioactive Materials Transport - Industry Experience
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Radiation Protection Programmes for Road Carriers, Sea Carriers and Port Handlers

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