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World Nuclear Transport Institute

Chemical Conversion

Uranium ore concentrate can not be used in nuclear reactors; first it must be enriched. Before enrichment, it must be converted into a gaseous form called uranium hexafluoride, or Hex. The majority of commercial conversion plants are located in North America, Europe and Russia. The gaseous Hex is loaded into 48Y steel cylinders (48" in diameter) which solidifies inside the cylinder on cooling to room temperature. Once securely packaged, the cylinders are transported by rail, road and sea to enrichment facilities.

Related Images

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Transport of UF6 in Compliance with TS‐R‐1
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48Y Container leaving site
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48Y UF6, Courtesy of RSB Logistic Inc.
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Cylinders, Courtesy of AREVA
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Loading of 48Y, Courtesy of AREVA
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48Y Loading operation at port, Courtesy of AREVA
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Transport of natural UF6 in 48Y cylinders with CTPs, Courtesy of Advance Uranium Asset Management Limited
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Transport of natural UF6 in 48Y cylinders with CTPs, Courtesy of Advance Uranium Asset Management Limited

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